Regulation of Ocean CDR Methods in the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Panos Merkouris, F. A. Nelissen, Medes Malaihollo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This Chapter outlines the relevant Dutch Acts and other legal instruments that are relevant in connection to activities related to ocean CDR methods. Of special importance in this context are the water permit, the nature permit and the environmental impact assessments that have to be conducted. This Chapter also includes an analysis of upcoming Dutch legislation, namely the Environment and Planning Act. Although this Act has not entered into force yet, it is designed with a view to harmonizing all relevant Dutch Acts that could regulate ocean CDR methods. When this Act enters into force, this will have as a consequence the simplification of procedures. Thus, a party wishing to conduct an ocean CDR project will not have to obtain multiple permits in the future anymore. Instead, only one permit will be relevant: the environmental permit. Whether the Environment and Planning Act will make effective changes in practice remains to be seen.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOcean Carbon Dioxide Removal for Climate Mitigation
Subtitle of host publicationThe Legal Framework
EditorsRomany M. Webb, Korey G. Silverman-Roati , Michael Gerrard
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

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