Reintroduction of C/EBP alpha in leukemic CD34(+) stem/progenitor cells impairs self-renewal and partially restores myelopoiesis

Hein Schepers, Albertus T. J. Wierenga, Djoke van Gosliga, Bart J. L. Eggen, Edo Vellenga, Jan Jacob Schuringa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) a transcription factor is indispensable for myeloid differentiation. In various myeloid leukemias, C/EBP alpha is mutated or functionally impaired due to decreased C/EBP alpha expression or phosphorylation. In order to investigate the functional consequences of decreased C/EBP alpha. function in AML, we reintroduced C/EBP alpha in primary CD34(+) sorted acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells using a lentiviral approach. Self-renewal and differentiation of primary AML stem cells were studied on long-term MS5 cocultures. Activation of C/EBP alpha- immediately led to a growth arrest in all AML cultures (N = 7), resulting in severely reduced expansion compared with control cultures. This growth arrest corresponded with enhanced myeloid differentiation as assessed by fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis for CD14, CD15, and CD11b. Myeloid differentiation was further confirmed by the up-regulation of neutrophil elastase and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor in C/EBP alpha transduced cells. C/EBP alpha-expressing AML CD34+ cells failed to generate second and third leukemic cobblestone areas (L-CAs) in serial replating experiments, while control cultures could be sequentially passaged for more than 4 times, indicating that reintroduction of C/EBP alpha impaired the self-renewal capacity of the leukemic CD34+ compartment. Together, our data indicate that low C/EBP alpha. levels are necessary to maintain self-renewal and the immature character of AML stem cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1325
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume110
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-Aug-2007

Keywords

  • ACUTE MYELOID-LEUKEMIA
  • BINDING-PROTEIN-ALPHA
  • GRANULOCYTIC DIFFERENTIATION
  • TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR
  • CONSTITUTIVE ACTIVATION
  • PROGENITOR CELLS
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • CEBPA
  • MUTATIONS
  • FLT3

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