Relationship between Adaptation of the Folic Acid and the cAMP Mediated cGMP Response in Dictyostelium

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Abstract

Chemotactic stimulation of post-vegetative Dictyostelium cells with folic acid or aggregative cells with cAMP results in a fast transient cGMP response which peaks at 10 s; basal levels are recovered in about 30-40 s. Stimulation with folic acid or cAMP rapidly desensitizes the cells for equal or lower concentrated stimuli. However, cells remain responsive for stimuli with higher concentration, which indicates that desensitization is caused by an adaptation process. Removal of the stimulus induces deadaptation, which for both cAMP and folic acid has first order kinetics with a half-life of 1.5 min. Cells were prepared which are simultaneously sensitive to folic acid and to cAMP. The cGMP responses to saturated folic acid and cAMP stimuli are not additive, which suggests that the transduction pathways of these signals meet each other at or before the guanylate cyclase. Cells which are adapted to folic acid are not adapted to cAMP and vice versa. This demonstrates that adaptation of Dictyostelium cells to chemotactic stimuli is localized at a step in the transduction chain before the transduced folic acid and cAMP signals combine in one pathway.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume115
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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