Relationship between the cumulative exposure to atherogenic index of plasma and ischemic stroke: a retrospective cohort study

Huancong Zheng, Kuangyi Wu, Weiqiang Wu, Guanzhi Chen, Zekai Chen, Zefeng Cai, Zhiwei Cai, Yulong Lan, Shouling Wu*, Youren Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Background: Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has been demonstrated as a surrogate marker for ischemic stroke, but there is limited evidence for the effect of long-term elevation of AIP on ischemic stroke. Therefore, we aimed to characterize the relationship between cumulative exposure to AIP and the risk of ischemic stroke. 

    Methods: A total of 54,123 participants in the Kailuan Study who attended consecutive health examinations in 2006, 2008, and 2010 and had no history of ischemic stroke or cancer were included. The time-weighted cumulative AIP (cumAIP) was calculated as a weighted sum of the mean AIP values for each time interval and then normalized to the total duration of exposure (2006–2010). Participants were divided into four groups according to quartile of cumAIP: the Q1 group, ≤−0.50; Q2 group, − 0.50 to − 0.12; Q3 group, − 0.12 to 0.28; and Q4 group, ≥ 0.28. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the relationship between cumAIP and ischemic stroke by calculating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). 

    Results: After a median follow-up of 11.03 years, a total of 2,742 new ischemic stroke events occurred. The risk of ischemic stroke increased with increasing quartile of cumAIP. After adjustment for potential confounders, Cox regression models showed that participants in the Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups had significantly higher risks of ischemic stroke than those in the Q1 group. The HRs (95% CIs) for ischemic stroke in the Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups were 1.17 (1.03, 1.32), 1.33 (1.18, 1.50), and 1.45 (1.28, 1.64), respectively. The longer duration of high AIP exposure was significantly associated with increased ischemic stroke risk. 

    Conclusions: High cumulative AIP is associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke, which implies that the long-term monitoring and maintenance of an appropriate AIP may help prevent such events.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number313
    Number of pages10
    JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
    Publication statusPublished - Nov-2023


    • Atherogenic index of plasma
    • Cumulative exposure
    • Ischemic Stroke

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