Relative Tissue Factor Deficiency Attenuates Ventilator-Induced Coagulopathy but Does Not Protect against Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Mice

Esther K Wolthuis, Alexander P J Vlaar, Goda Choi, Joris J T H Roelofs, Marcel Levi, Nicole P Juffermans, Marcus J Schultz

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Preventing tissue-factor-(TF-) mediated systemic coagulopathy improves outcome in models of sepsis. Preventing TF-mediated pulmonary coagulopathy could attenuate ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effect of relative TF deficiency on pulmonary coagulopathy and inflammation in a murine model of VILI. Heterozygous TF knockout (TF(+/-)) mice and their wild-type (TF(+/+)) littermates were sedated (controls) or sedated, tracheotomized, and mechanically ventilated with either low or high tidal volumes for 5 hours. Mechanical ventilation resulted in pulmonary coagulopathy and inflammation, with more injury after mechanical ventilation with higher tidal volumes. Compared with TF(+/+) mice, TF(+/-) mice demonstrated significantly lower pulmonary thrombin-antithrombin complex levels in both ventilation groups. There were, however, no differences in lung wet-to-dry ratio, BALF total protein levels, neutrophil influx, and lung histopathology scores between TF(+/-) and TF(+/+) mice. Notably, pulmonary levels of cytokines were significantly higher in TF(+/-) as compared to TF(+/+) mice. Systemic levels of cytokines were not altered by the relative absence of TF. TF deficiency is associated with decreased pulmonary coagulation independent of the ventilation strategy. However, relative TF deficiency does not reduce VILI and actually results in higher pulmonary levels of inflammatory mediators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130410
Number of pages10
JournalCritical Care Research and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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