AIM To investigate the interobserver agreement on phenotypic early-onset ataxia (EOA) assessment and to explore whether the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) could provide a supportive marker.
METHOD Seven movement disorder specialists provided independent phenotypic assessments of potentially ataxic motor behaviour in 40 patients (mean age 15y [range 5-34]; data derived from University Medical Center Groningen medical records 1998-2012). We determined interobserver agreement by Fleiss' kappa. Furthermore, we compared percentage SARA subscores ([subscore/ total score] 9100%) between 'indisputable' (primary ataxia recognition by at least six observers) and 'mixed' (ataxia recognition, unfulfilling 'indisputable' criteria) EOA phenotypes.
RESULTS Agreement on phenotypic EOA assessment was statistically significant (p 30%, primary ataxia was more frequently present than in those with subscores <30% (p=0.001).
INTERPRETATION Among movement-disorder professionals from different disciplines, interobserver agreement on phenotypic EOA recognition is of limited strength. SARA gait subscores can provide a supportive discriminative marker between EOA phenotypes. Hopefully, future phenotypic insight will contribute to the inclusion of uniform, high-quality data in international EOA databases.
- GOSR2 MUTATION
- BASAL GANGLIA