Renoprotection: A matter of blood pressure reduction or agent-characteristics?

L Vogt, G Navis, D De Zeeuw*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data from recent clinical trials show that lowering of BP reduces the rate of renal function loss in chronic renal disease. There is evidence supporting the assertion that BP lowering obtained by intervention in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has an additive renoprotective effect in both diabetic and nondiabetic renal diseases. However, to dissociate BP-dependent and non-BP-dependent action of RAAS blockade, the relevant trials are in many cases flawed by design, resulting in BP differences between the comparative anti hypertensive strategies. This review discusses whether the relevant literature allows for the conclusion that RAAS intervention has renoprotective effects in addition to its effects on BP. In particular, the main evidence for a specific renoprotective action of RAAS blockade is provided by its consistent antiproteinuric action, which cannot completely be attributed to the reduction in BP. Indeed, other strategies that lower proteinuria without having an antihypertensive effect, such as lowering dietary protein intake or the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, appear to have a renoprotective effect as well. Interestingly, a consistent finding across different intervention studies is that the more proteinuria is reduced the better the kidney appears to be protected. Therefore, it is concluded that agent-characteristics of RAAS intervention (i.e., antiproteinuric properties) independently influence renal function loss in addition to its BP-lowering effect. Future studies should further explore the renoprotective benefit of non-anti hypertensive intervention measures, alone and in combination with antihypertensive strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S202-S207
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2002

Keywords

  • CONVERTING ENZYME-INHIBITION
  • CHRONIC-RENAL-FAILURE
  • DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
  • ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS
  • KIDNEY-FUNCTION
  • ANTIHYPERTENSIVE TREATMENT
  • NEPHROTIC SYNDROME
  • CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 INHIBITOR
  • URINARY PROTEIN
  • FOLLOW-UP

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