PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of radiologic imaging requests that are of inadequate quality according to the Reason for exam Imaging Reporting and Data System (RI-RADS).
METHODS: This study included a random sample of 673 radiologic examinations performed at a tertiary care center. The quality of each imaging request was graded according to RI-RADS. Ordinal regression analysis was performed to determine the association of RI-RADS grade with patient age, gender, and hospital status, indication for imaging, requesting specialty, imaging modality, body region, time of examination, and relationship with previous imaging within the past one year.
RESULTS: RI-RADS grades A (adequate request), B (barely adequate request), C (considerably limited request), and D (deficient request) were assigned to 159 (23.6 %), 166 (24.7 %), 214 (31.8 %), and 134 (19.9 %) of cases, respectively. Indication for imaging, requesting specialty, and body region were independently significantly associated with RI-RADS grades. Specifically, routine preoperative imaging (odds ratio [OR]: 3.422, P = 0.030) and transplantation imaging requests (OR: 8.710, P = 0.000) had a higher risk of poorer RI-RADS grades, whereas infection/inflammation as indication for imaging (OR: 0.411, P = 0.002), pediatrics as requesting specialty (OR: 0.400, P = 0.007), and head (OR: 0.384, P = 0.017), spine (OR: 0.346, P = 0.016), and upper extremity (OR: 0.208, P = 0.000) as body regions had a lower risk of poorer RI-RADS grades.
CONCLUSION: The quality of radiologic imaging requests is inadequate in >75 % of cases, and is affected by several factors. The data from this study can be used as a baseline and benchmark for further investigation and improvement.
- Computerized tomography
- X ray
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Referral and consultation