Respiratory syncytial virus in critically ill adult patients with community-acquired respiratory failure: A prospective observational study

D. S.Y. Ong, T. E. Faber, P. M.C. Klein Klouwenberg, O. L. Cremer, E. Christiaan Boerma, M. Sietses, A. M. van Loon, M. J.M. Bonten, L. J. Bont*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The incidence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza virus infection was determined during three RSV seasons in 158 adult patients consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit with community-acquired respiratory failure. Nasopharyngeal swabs were tested for the presence of RSV and influenza virus by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Six patients (4%) were positive for RSV and all recovered. This finding was in sharp contrast to influenza (23 (15%) patients, 4 (17%) deaths). In conclusion, even in the midst of the RSV season, RSV is an infrequent cause of respiratory failure in adults admitted to the intensive care unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)O505-O507
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Influenza
  • Intensive care unit
  • Respiratory failure
  • Respiratory syncytial virus

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