Restrictions in oral functions caused by oral manifestations of epidermolysis bullosa

Cornelis Stellingsma*, Pieter Dijkstra, Janke Dijkstra, Jose C. Duipmans, Marcel F. Jonkman, Rienk Dekker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Several forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) present oral manifestations. Blistering of the (peri) oral mucosa affects the opening of the mouth, the mobility of the tongue and lips, thereby restricting oral functions. We describe the prevalence and characteristics of oral manifestations of EB in relation to loss of oral functions in a cross-sectional study of different types of EB patients using standardized measurement techniques. Twenty-two patients were included. The mobility of the mandible, lips and tongue was measured, the mandibular function impairment questionnaire (MFIQ) was filled out and additional questions regarding hindrance of EB during oral hygiene and intelligibility of speech (being understood) were asked in structured interviews. The median age was 11.8 yrs. Mobility of the mandible, tongue and lip was restricted, oral hygiene procedures were hindered in most patients. A data comparison was made between the recessive dystrophic EB (RDEB) and junctional EB (JEB) groups. Mandibular function was impaired in both groups but more severely in the RDEB-population. Intelligibility in both groups was almost unaffected. Restrictions in mobility of the mouth, tongue and lips are frequently present in EB patients. These are most severe in the RDEB group and support the clinical relevance of optimizing symptomatic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-409
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean journal of dermatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • epidermolysis bullosa
  • mandibular function
  • oral manifestations
  • speech
  • tongue
  • LIP

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