Retained placenta in Friesian mares: incidence, risk factors, therapy, and consequences

M Sevinga*, JW Hesselink, H.W. Barkema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study concerns incidence, risk factors, therapy and consequences of retained placenta after normal foalings in Friesian mares. Retained placenta was defined as failure to expel all fetal membranes within 3 hours after the delivery of the foal. Incidence of retained placenta was studied in 495 parturitions. As possible risk factors for retained placenta, serum calcium, magnesium (n = 155), and vitamin-E concentrations, and glutathion peroxidase activity in blood (n=99) were determined within 12 hours post partum and compared between mares with and without retained placenta. Age of the mare, sex of the foal, gestational length and recurrence of retained placenta were recorded and also compared between mares with and without retained placenta. As therapy, the relative effectiveness of intra venous administration of oxytocin in saline solution (n=59) and of oxytocin in a Ca-Mg-borogluconate solution (n=53) was studied. Parameters for post partum reproductive performance were compared between mares with (n=54) and without retained placenta (n=50), and within the group of mares with retained placenta, of mares from which the fetal membranes had been removed manually (n=30) and from which it was not (n=24).

Incidence of retained placenta in Friesian mares was 54%. Mores which retained the placenta had lower serum calcium concentrations within 12 hours post partum than mares without retained placenta (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-622
Number of pages4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Event3rd International Conference on Equine Reproductive Medicine - , Germany
Duration: 27-Oct-200128-Oct-2001


  • Friesian mares
  • retained placenta
  • incidence
  • risk factors
  • therapy
  • COWS

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