Retention and postinsertion maintenance of bar-clip, ball and magnet attachments in mandibular implant overdenture treatment: an in vivo comparison after 3 months of function

F van Kampen*, M Cune, A van der Bilt, F Bosman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It could be hypothesised that attachments, which provide more retention against vertical and horizontal dislodgement, will be associated with more favourable parameters of oral function. This in vivo study is designed to provide data regarding initial retention force, loss of retention force after 3 months of function and postinsertion maintenance and complications associated with the use of magnet, bar-clip and ball attachments in mandibular overdenture treatment. Eighteen edentulous subjects received two permucosal implants in the inter-foramina region of the mandible, a new denture and three successive suprastructure modalities (magnet-, bar-clip and ball attachments). The retention force of the attachments at baseline and after 3 months was measured in a standardised way. The amount and type of postinsertion maintenance that was related to the attachment were evaluated. No differences in retention force at baseline and after 3 months of loading were observed for all three attachment types. The mean retention forces of magnet attachments, bar-clip attachments and ball attachments were 8.1, 31.3 and 29.7 N respectively. Functional maintenance complications related to the attachments were predominantly observed in 11/36 magnet attachments. Functional problems in the ball attachment group were relatively rare, easily manageable and seen in 4/36 attachments. The bar-clip attachments exhibited no maintenance problems at all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-726
Number of pages7
JournalClinical oral implant research
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dental implants
  • overdenture
  • attachment
  • retention
  • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIAL
  • UNSPLINTED ORAL IMPLANTS
  • RETAINED OVERDENTURES
  • SUPPORTED PROSTHESES
  • PATIENT SATISFACTION
  • MASTICATORY FUNCTION
  • LONG-BAR
  • 5-YEAR
  • PREFERENCE

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