Review of the prevalence and incidence of eating disorders

HW Hoek*, D van Hoeken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1007 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To review the literature on the incidence and prevalence of eating disorders. Methods: We searched Medline using several key terms relating to epidemiology and eating disorders and we checked the reference lists of the articles that we found. Special attention has been paid to methodologic problems affecting the selection of populations under study and the identification of cases. Results: An average prevalence rate for anorexia nervosa of 0.3% was found for young females. The prevalence rates for bulimia nervosa were 1% and 0.1% for young women and young men, respectively. The estimated prevalence of binge eating disorder is at least 1%. The incidence of anorexia nervosa is 8 cases per 100,000 population per year and the incidence of bulimia nervosa is 12 cases per 100,000 population per year. The incidence of anorexia nervosa increased over the past century, until the 1970s. Discussion: Only a minority of people who meet stringent diagnostic criteria for eating disorders are seen in mental health care. (C) 2003 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-396
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of eating disorders
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2003

Keywords

  • prevalence
  • incidence
  • epidemiology
  • methodology
  • anorexia nervosa
  • bulimia nervosa
  • binge eating disorder
  • health care
  • general practice
  • PROSPECTIVE RISK-FACTORS
  • ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
  • BULIMIA-NERVOSA
  • FEMALE STUDENTS
  • DEFINED REGION
  • HONG-KONG
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • POPULATION
  • ATTITUDES
  • WOMEN

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