Rheological aspects of mucin-containing solutions and saliva substitutes

HJ HOLTERMAN, HA WATERMAN, C BLOM, E.J. 's Gravenmade, J. Mellema

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    Abstract

    In this study rheological properties of aqueous solutions of mucin, albumin and mucin-albumin have been investigated in search for saliva substitutes. They were compared with commercially available saliva substitutes on the one hand and natural human saliva on the other hand. For the latter a few measurements on saliva are reported here in addition to previously reported measurements done in our laboratory. Proteins adsorb at the interface and saliva proteins do so strongly and rapidly. Therefore rheological measurements were carried out the interface and on the bulk underneath the layer. In both cases the flow curve and the complex viscosity was determined. The results show that specific mucin-albumin solutions were rheologically similar to human whole saliva with respect to both bulk liquid and surface properties. The rheological properties of commercial saliva substitutes were essentially different from those of human saliva. It is concluded that mucin-albumin solutions have good perspectives as saliva substitutes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-249
    Number of pages19
    JournalBiorheology
    Volume29
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1992

    Keywords

    • SALIVA
    • HUMAN
    • RHEOLOGY
    • MUCIN
    • PROTEIN ADSORPTION
    • AIR INTERFACE
    • ADSORPTION
    • BEHAVIOR

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