Romae non sic: Ephemeral Decorations for the Forty Hours Devotion during Carnaval in Rome and for the Holy Week in Austria and Southern Germany 1600-1800

Hiske Lulofs

    Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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    Abstract

    ‘Romae non sic’
    Ephemeral Decorations for the Forty Hours Devotion of the Holy Sacrament during Carnival in Roman Churches and for Easter Tide in Austria and Southern Germany 1600-1800.

    In this dissertation the ephemeral church-decorations for the Forty Hours Devotion in Rome and for the Easter Tide in Austria and Southern Germany are described, analysed and compared to each other for the first time. It concerns decorations made to attract the people of Rome to visit the church during Carnival, and the sets that were (and some still are) erected to celebrate ceremonies for the Holy Sepulchre during the Passiontide in churches in Austria and Southern Germany.

    The Forty Hours Devotion is a celebration during which the Sacrament is shown during forty hours in church for devotion. Towards the end of the sixteenth century Jesuit priests in Rome took the initiative to organize the Forty Hours Devotion during Carnival in order to distract attention from the profane feasts on the streets of Rome. The organizers took the position that nobody would be insensible to a similar embellishment of the church during the last and most tumultuous days of Carnival. Every year the commissioners instructed designers to picture new miracle stories from the Bible. The reason was to make the church attractive.
    Chapter two deals with the scenery for Easter celebrations in Vienna. The Austrians did not have a Carnival tradition as in Rome, but had their main feast during the Holy Week. In chapter three decors in Bavarian and Tyrolean churches are subject. In this last section some remains sceneries are described.
    Only descriptions, designs and prints of the Roman ephemeral art have been survived. The Austrian decorations were preserved to be used again every year some even still today.
    Translated title of the contributionRomae non sic: Ephemeral Decorations for the Forty Hours Devotion during Carnaval in Rome and for the Holy Week in Austria and Southern Germany 1600-1800
    Original languageDutch
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Groningen
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • van Veen, Hendrik, Supervisor
    • de Jong, Jan L., Co-supervisor
    • de Blaauw, S.L., Assessment committee, External person
    • Os, Hendrik Willem van, Assessment committee, External person
    • Rietbergen, P.J.A.N., Assessment committee, External person
    Award date18-May-2017
    Place of Publication[Groningen]
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-90367-9811-2
    Electronic ISBNs978-90367-9811-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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