Satisfaction and psychosocial aspects of patients with an extremely resorbed mandible treated with implantretained overdentures: A prospective, comparative study

Kees Stellingsma*, Jelte Bouma, Boudewijn Stegenga, Henny J.A. Meijer, Gerry M. Raghoebar

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The objective of the present report was to study the effect of implant treatment on subjective parameters in edentulous patients with an extremely resorbed mandible. Three different treatment modalities to support an overdenture were compared: transmandibular implant according to Bosker, augmentation of the mandible followed by four endosseous implants, and the insertion of four short endosseous implants. Sixty patients [50 women and 10 men, mean (∫ SD) age 59 (∫ 11) years] met the inclusion criteria and were assigned in one of the three treatment groups. Before treatment and 12 months after placement of the new overdentures, denture satisfaction, psychosocial aspects and experiences during the surgical phase were assessed with a battery of questionnaires. After 1 year, 58 patients were available for evaluation: one patient had died, and one patient had moved out of the region. There was a significant improvement of patient satisfaction and psychosocial functioning in all three treatment groups. At the 1-year evaluation, differences amongst the three groups were not significant. However, in terms of discomfort and pain during the surgical phase as well as the length of this phase (at least 6 months), the augmentation using an autologous bone graft from the iliac crest followed by inserting four endosseous implants 3 months later appeared the least favorite option of the three modalities studied. Published in: Clin. Oral Impl. Res, 14, 2003; 166–172
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalClinical oral implant research
Volume14
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • satisfaction
  • psychosocial
  • mandible
  • implant-retained overdenture
  • implant
  • extremely resorbed
  • edentulous

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