Scalable fabrication of high-quality crystalline and stable FAPbI(3) thin films by combining doctor-blade coating and the cation exchange reaction

Sampson Adjokatse, Hong-Hua Fang, Herman Duim, Maria Antonietta Loi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
65 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI(3)) is one of the most extensively studied perovskite materials due to its narrow band gap and high absorption coefficient, which makes it highly suitable for optoelectronic applications. Deposition of a solution containing lead iodide (PbI2) and formamidinium iodide (FAI) or sequential deposition of PbI2 and FAI usually leads to the formation of films with a poor morphology and an unstable crystal structure that readily crystallize into two different polymorphs: the photoinactive yellow phase and the photoactive black phase. In this work, 2D 2-phenylethylammonium lead iodide (PEA(2)PbI(4)) thin films are deposited by a scalable doctor-blade coating technique and used as a growth template for the high-quality 3D FAPbI(3) perovskite thin films which are obtained by organic cation exchange. We report the structural, morphological and optical properties of these converted 3D FAPbI(3) perovskite films which we compare to the directly deposited 3D FAPbI(3) films. The converted FAPbI(3) thin films are compact, smooth, and highly oriented and exhibit better structural stability in comparison with the directly deposited 3D films. These results not only underscore the importance of the employed deposition techniques in fabricating highly crystalline and stable perovskite thin films but also provide a strategy to easily obtain very compact perovskite layers using doctor-blade coating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5989-5997
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume11
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7-Apr-2019

Keywords

  • PEROVSKITE SOLAR-CELLS
  • LEAD IODIDE PEROVSKITE
  • THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION
  • SEQUENTIAL DEPOSITION
  • CH3NH3PBI3 PEROVSKITE
  • EFFICIENT
  • LIGHT
  • FORMAMIDINIUM
  • GROWTH
  • PERFORMANCE

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