Searching for chemical signatures of planet formation

Ch. Rab, G. A. Muro-Arena, I. Kamp, C. Dominik, L. B. F. M. Waters, W.-F. Thi, P. Woitke

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High spatial resolution observations with ALMA and VLT/SPHERE show gaps and rings in continuum emission of protoplanetary disks, possibly indicating ongoing planet formation. However, it is still unclear if the gas follows the dust distribution. We present radiation thermo-chemical models for the disk of HD 163296 to study the impact of dust and gas gaps on the chemistry and molecular line emission. We compare a model with only dust gaps to a model that also has gas gaps. In both models, rings and gaps are visible in (sub)mm molecular line emission. Due to chemistry, certain molecules are sensitive to dust gaps where others are more sensitive to gas depletion. Observations of multiple molecules might allow to accurately determine the degree of gas depletion within the dust gaps, information crucial to discriminate between gap formation theories (e.g. planets, ice lines).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Origins
Subtitle of host publication From the Protosun to the First Steps of Life
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventIAU Symposia
: AUS 345: Origins: From the Protosun to the First Steps of Life
- Vienna, Austria
Duration: 20-Aug-201823-Aug-2018


ConferenceIAU Symposia


  • stars: pre-main-sequence
  • (stars:) planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • astrochemistry
  • radiative transfer
  • methods: numerical

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