Seaside operations are considered the bottleneck operation in most container terminals around the world. This paper presents an in-depth updated overview of the seaside operations at container terminals and highlights current trends and developments. We review and classify scientific journal papers on container terminal seaside operations, published between 2004 and 2012. The paper also discusses and challenges the current operational paradigms on seaside operations. Lastly, the paper identifies new avenues for academic research based on current trends and developments in the container terminal industry.