PURPOSE: If anterior knee pain (AKP) emerges or persists following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), secondary patellar resurfacing (SPR) may offer relief of AKP. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the mid-term clinical outcomes after secondary patellar resurfacing for persistent AKP. Secondary objectives were to correlate surgical outcomes with clinical and radiological parameters including 99 m-technetium bone scintigraphy.
METHODS: In this study, 57 patients (58 knees, 51 women and 6 men) with a mean age of 70 years at the time of SPR were included. Patients were asked about their satisfaction regarding the outcome of the procedure. Patellar position was assessed by axial radiographs, and we reassessed the preoperatively performed bone scintigraphy.
RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 31 (6-76) months, 42 patients (43 knees) were satisfied and 15 were dissatisfied regarding the outcome of the procedure. Dissatisfied patients had more often a shorter time interval between TKA and SPR, patellar tilt on axial radiographs, and a 'hot' bone scan.
CONCLUSION: In patients with persistent AKP following TKR, secondary resurfacing leads to patient satisfaction in a relatively large number of patients. Better results were seen in patients without tilting of the patella. The added value of a bone scan as an indicator to perform SPR is not clarified in the present study.