Self-Depersonalization and Ingroup Favoritism in Minimal Group Hierarchies

Vincenzo Iacoviello*, Fabio Lorenzi-Cioldi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Research suggests that members of low-status groups are more likely than members of high-status groups to show self-depersonalization and to favor ingroup members over outgroup members. The present research tests two alternative explanations of this status asymmetry: One explanation is based on the motive for achieving a positive social identity, and the other explanation is based on the willingness to cope with a social identity threat. Three minimal group experiments examine these two explanations. Supporting the identity motive explanation, the findings show that self-depersonalization (Studies 1-3) and ingroup favoritism (Study 3) are less prominent in the high-status group than in the low-status and the status-unspecified groups. Moreover, the results do not support the identity threat explanation because self-depersonalization and ingroup favoritism were not weaker in the low-status group than in the status-unspecified group.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5-14
    Number of pages10
    JournalSwiss Journal of Psychology
    Volume77
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan-2018

    Keywords

    • minimal groups
    • ingroup status
    • social identity
    • self-depersonalization
    • ingroup favoritism
    • IN-GROUP BIAS
    • SOCIAL IDENTITY
    • DISTINCTIVENESS
    • PSYCHOLOGY
    • DEROGATION
    • STABILITY
    • CONTEXTS
    • OUTGROUP
    • BEHAVIOR
    • ESTEEM

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