Sensitivity for cues predicting reward and punishment in young women with eating disorders

Annelies Matton, Peter de Jong, Lien Goossens, Nienke C Jonker, Eva Van Malderen, Myriam Vervaet, Nele De Schryver, Caroline Braet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing evidence shows that sensitivity to reward (SR) and punishment (SP) may be involved in eating disorders (EDs). Most studies used self-reported positive/negative effect in rewarding/punishing situations, whereas the implied proneness to detect signals of reward/punishment is largely ignored. This pilot study used a spatial orientation task to examine transdiagnostic and interdiagnostic differences in SR/SP. Participants (14–29 years) were patients with anorexia nervosa of restricting type (AN-R, n = 20), binge/purge ED group [AN of binge/purge ty pe and bulimia nervosa (n = 16)] and non-symptomatic individua ls (n = 23). Results revealed stronger difficulties to redirect attention away from signals of rewards in AN-R compared with binge/purge EDs, and inge/purge EDs showed stronger difficulties to direct attention away from signals of punishment compared with AN-R. Findings demonstrate inter diagnostic differences and show that the spatial orientation task is sensitive for individual differences in SP/SR within the context of EDs, thereby sustaining its usefulness as behavioural measure of reinforcement sensitivity. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and EatingDisorders Association
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-511
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean eating disorders review
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2017

Keywords

  • SELF-REPORT QUESTIONNAIRE
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • TEMPERAMENT
  • ATTENTION
  • CHILDREN
  • FOOD
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PERSONALITY

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