Sensitivity of Casimir oscillators on geometry and optical properties

M. Sedighi, F. Tajik, S. M. Mahmoudi, M. H. Nazarpak, G. R.R. Lamouki, G. Palasantzas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The dependence of the Casimir force on the optical properties and geometry of interacting materials makes possible to tailor the actuation dynamics of micro/nano actuators. In this research, we study the dynamical sensitivity of micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems on geometry by comparing the plate-plate and sphere-plate configurations, and taking into account the optical properties of the interacting materials. In fact, for conservative systems bifurcation analysis and phase portraits show that the geometry and the optical properties strongly influence the stability of an actuating device in a way that geometries that lead to weaker Casimir forces (sphere-plate geometry) favor more stable behavior. In addition, for non-conservative periodically driven systems, the Melnikov and Poincare portrait analysis shows that stronger Casimir forces lead to increased chaotic behavior, which more pronounced for the plate-plate geometry, that prohibits the long term prediction of the actuating dynamics of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2040003
JournalModern Physics Letters A
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16-Jan-2020


  • Casimir force
  • chaotic motion
  • geometry
  • optical properties

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