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Ex situ normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) is increasingly used for viability assessment of high-risk donor livers, whereas dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (DHOPE) reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aimed to resuscitate and test the viability of initially-discarded, high-risk donor livers using sequential DHOPE and NMP with two different oxygen carriers: an artificial hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) or red blood cells (RBC). In a prospective observational cohort study of 54 livers that underwent DHOPE-NMP, the first 18 procedures were performed with a HBOC-based perfusion solution and the subsequent 36 procedures were performed with an RBC-based perfusion solution for the NMP phase. All but one livers were derived from extended criteria donation after circulatory death donors, with a median donor risk index of 2.84 (IQR 2.52-3.11). After functional assessment during NMP, 34 livers (63% utilization), met the viability criteria and were transplanted. One-year graft and patient survival were 94% and 100%, respectively. Post-transplant cholangiopathy occurred in 1 patient (3%). There were no significant differences in utilization rate and post-transplant outcomes between the HBOC and RBC group. Ex situ machine perfusion using sequential DHOPE-NMP for resuscitation and viability assessment of high-risk donor livers results in excellent transplant outcomes, irrespective of the oxygen carrier used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1658-1670
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number6
Early online date14-Mar-2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2022

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