SHARP - V. Modelling gravitationally lensed radio arcs imaged with global VLBI observations

C. Spingola*, J. P. McKean, M. W. Auger, C. D. Fassnacht, L. V. E. Koopmans, D. J. Lagattuta, S. Vegetti

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We present milliarcsecond (mas) angular resolution observations of the gravitationally lensed radio source MG J0751+2716 (at z=3.2) obtained with global very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) at 1.65 GHz. The background object is highly resolved in the tangential and radial directions, showing evidence of both compact and extended structure across several gravitational arcs that are 200-600 mas in size. By identifying compact sub-components in the multiple images, we constrain the mass distribution of the foreground z=0.35 gravitational lens using analytic models for the main deflector [power-law elliptical mass model; rho(r) proportional to r(-gamma), where gamma=2 corresponds to isothermal] and for the members of the galaxy group. Moreover, our mass models with and without the group find an inner mass-density slope steeper than isothermal for the main lensing galaxy, with gamma(1)=2.08 +/- 0.02 and gamma(2)=2.16 +/- 0.02 at the 4.2 sigma level and 6.8 sigma level, respectively, at the Einstein radius (b(1)=0.4025 +/- 0.0008 and b(2)=0.307 +/- 0.002 arcsec, respectively). We find randomly distributed image position residuals of about 3 mas, which are much larger that the measurement errors (40 mu as on average). This suggests that at the mas level, the assumption of a smooth mass distribution fails, requiring additional structure in the model. However, given the environment of the lensing galaxy, it is not clear whether this extra mass is in the form of sub-haloes within the lens or along the line of sight, or from a more complex halo for the galaxy group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4816-4829
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume478
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2018

Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • techniques: interferometric
  • galaxies: active
  • radio continuum: galaxies
  • DARK-MATTER SUBSTRUCTURE
  • EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES
  • ALL-SKY SURVEY
  • EDGE-ON DISC
  • EINSTEIN RING
  • MASS STRUCTURE
  • TIME DELAYS
  • SYSTEM
  • ENVIRONMENTS
  • OBJECTS

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