Shivering with fear and beaming with confidence: Emotion expressions in construction with causatief van : Emotietermen in constructie met causatief van

Jack Hoeksema*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Dutch van is used to mark emotions and feelings which cause bodily reactions and mental states in combinations such as rillen van angst ‘shiver with fear’, sprakeloos van verbazing ‘speechless with astonishment’ and blaken van zelfvertrouwen ‘beam with self-confidence’. The classification of emotions along the four dimensions of evaluation (valence), potency (control), activation (arousal) and (un)predictability of Fontaine (2006) is discussed and shown to be of linguistic interest. Predicates such as stralen ‘beam’ or het uitschreeuwen ‘to cry (it) out’ have strong collocation relations with words denoting emotional extremes on one of the four axes, such as high valence or high arousal. While most of the paper is devoted to the construction with causative van, some suggestive evidence from adverbs of degree is offered to make a broader case for the usefulness of the four dimensions in linguistic research.
Translated title of the contributionShivering with fear and beaming with confidence: Emotion expressions in construction with causatief van
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)105-134
Number of pages30
JournalNederlandse Taalkunde
Volume27
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2022

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