ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine and compare the incidence of long- and short-term complications of percutaneous dilatation tracheotomies (PDT) and surgical tracheotomies (ST).DesignA single-centre retrospective study.Participants305 patients undergoing a tracheotomy (PDT or ST) in the University Medical Center Groningen from 2003 to 2013 were included. Data were gathered from patient files.Main outcome measuresShort-term and long-term complications including tracheal stenosis.ResultsThe incidence of short- and long-term complications, including tracheal stenosis, was similar in both groups. Analysis of a small high-risk subgroup showed no difference in long-term complications.ConclusionsThe rate of short- and long-term complications, including tracheal stenosis, is equal in PDT and ST. PDT is a safe alternative for ST in selected patients.
- Percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy
- Surgical tracheotomy
- Long-term complications
- Short-term complications
- Intraoperative complications