Short- and long-term complications of surgical and percutaneous dilatation tracheotomies: a large single-centre retrospective cohort study

B J de Kleijn, J Wedman, J G Zijlstra, F G Dikkers, B F A M van der Laan

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Abstract

ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine and compare the incidence of long- and short-term complications of percutaneous dilatation tracheotomies (PDT) and surgical tracheotomies (ST).DesignA single-centre retrospective study.Participants305 patients undergoing a tracheotomy (PDT or ST) in the University Medical Center Groningen from 2003 to 2013 were included. Data were gathered from patient files.Main outcome measuresShort-term and long-term complications including tracheal stenosis.ResultsThe incidence of short- and long-term complications, including tracheal stenosis, was similar in both groups. Analysis of a small high-risk subgroup showed no difference in long-term complications.ConclusionsThe rate of short- and long-term complications, including tracheal stenosis, is equal in PDT and ST. PDT is a safe alternative for ST in selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1828
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume276
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2019

Keywords

  • Tracheotomy
  • Tracheostomy
  • Percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy
  • Surgical tracheotomy
  • Long-term complications
  • Short-term complications
  • Intraoperative complications
  • TRACHEOSTOMY
  • CARE

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