OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the short-term effects of an educational program on (determinants of) self-reported health-seeking behavior for infections of the urinary tract (UTIs) and lower respiratory tract (LRTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 1,124 patients with type 2 diabetes aged between 44 and 85 years participated. The intervention consisted of a multifaceted educational program with an interactive meeting, a leaflet, a Web site, and a consultation with the diabetes care provider. The program focused on the needs of patients, apparent from a prior focus group and questionnaire study. The primary outcome measure was an indicator of health-seeking behavior for UTIs and LRTIs, defined as the proportion of participants with a positive score on at least seven of nine determinants, six from the Health Belief Model and the additional three domains of knowledge, need for information, and intention. The primary outcome was measured with questionnaires at baseline and after 5 months.
RESULTS: Complete outcome data were available for 468 intervention group patients and 472 control group patients. In all, 68% of the intervention group patients attended the meeting. At baseline, 28% of the participants from the intervention group had a positive score on seven of the nine determinants, compared with 27% from the control group. After the educational program, these percentages were 53 and 32%, respectively (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Our educational program positively influenced determinants of health-seeking behavior for common infections in patients with type 2 diabetes.
- Aged, 80 and over
- Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
- Health Behavior
- Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
- Middle Aged
- Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
- Patient Education as Topic
- Primary Health Care
- Respiratory Tract Infections
- Urinary Tract Infections