Simulating the impact of new industries on the economy: The case of biorefining in Australia

Arunima Malik*, Manfred Lenzen, Romulo Neves Ely, Erik Dietzenbacher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the economic and employment consequences of introducing a new sugarcane-based biofuel industry into Australia. We model the new biofuel industry on the production recipe of the existing large-scale gasoalcohol and alcohol sectors in the Brazilian economy. To this end we utilise a hybrid IO-LCA (input-output life cycle assessment) approach, which involves inserting data on new processes and/or sectors into an existing IO table. In particular, we develop and test an analytical and a numerical approach for re-balancing an IO table augmented with rows and columns representing large new biofuel industries. We quantify changes in economic output and employment in the Australian economy. We conclude that a future biofuel industry will be employment-positive for Australia. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalEcological Economics
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2014

Keywords

  • Input-output analysis
  • Hybrid LCA
  • Biofuel
  • Ethanol
  • Sugarcane
  • Employment
  • ETHANOL-PRODUCTION
  • WIND POWER
  • EMISSIONS
  • BIOFUELS
  • MODEL
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • INFORMATION
  • INVENTORY
  • SUGARCANE
  • FRAMEWORK

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