Single-nucleotide polymorphism in the 5-alpha-reductase gene (SRD5A2) is associated with increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in chemotherapy-treated testicular cancer survivors

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Abstract

Purpose: Chemotherapy-treated testicular cancer survivors are at risk for development of the metabolic syndrome, especially in case of decreased androgen levels. Polymorphisms in the gene encoding steroid 5-alpha-reductase type II (SRD5A2) are involved in altered androgen metabolism. We investigated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs523349 (V89L) and rs9282858 (A49T) in SRD5A2 are associated with cardiometabolic status in testicular cancer survivors.

Methods: In 173 chemotherapy-treated testicular cancer survivors, hormone levels and cardiometabolic status were evaluated cross-sectionally (median 5 years [range 3-20] after chemotherapy) and correlated with SNPs in SRD5A2.

Results: The metabolic syndrome was more prevalent in survivors who were homozygous or heterozygous variant for SRD5A2 rs523349 compared to wild type (33% versus 19%, P = 0.032). In particular, patients with lower testosterone levels (

Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome develops more frequently in testicular cancer survivors homozygous or heterozygous variant for SNP rs523349 in SRD5A2. Altered androgen sensitivity appears to be involved in the development of adverse metabolic and vascular changes in testicular cancer survivors and is a target for intervention. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2016

Keywords

  • Testicular neoplasms
  • Survivors
  • Antineoplastic agents
  • Testosterone
  • 3-Oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase
  • Single-nucleotide polymorphism
  • Metabolic syndrome X
  • Carotid intima-media thickness
  • Albuminuria
  • LONG-TERM SURVIVORS
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • SERUM TESTOSTERONE
  • GONADAL-HORMONES
  • 5-YEAR SURVIVORS
  • STEROID PROFILE
  • RISK
  • MEN
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • ANDROGEN

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