Size Exclusion Chromatography with Multi Detection in Combination with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry as a Tool for Unraveling the Mechanism of the Enzymatic Polymerization of Polysaccharides

Jelena Ciric, Jorrit Oostland, Jan de Vries, Albert J. J. Woortman, Katja Loos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Determination of the size distributions of natural polysaccharides is a challenging task. More advantageous for characterization are well-defined synthetic (hyper)-branched polymers. In this study we concentrated on synthetic amylopectin analogues in order to obtain and compare all available data for different distributions and size dependence of molecular weights. Two groups of well-defined synthetic branched polysaccharides were synthesized via an in vitro enzyme-catalyzed reaction using the enzyme phosphorylase b from rabbit muscle and Deinococcus geothermalis glycogen branching enzyme. Synthetic polymers had a tunable degree of branching (2%-13% determined via H-1 NMR) and a tunable degree of polymerization (30-350 determined indirectly via UV spectrometry). The systems used for separation and characterization of branched polysaccharides were SEC-DMSO/LiBr and multi detection (refractive index detector, viscosity detector, and multi angle light scattering detector) and SEC-water/0.02% NaN3; and SEC-50 mM NaNO3/0.02% NaN3 and multi detection. Additionally the side chain length distribution of enzymatically debranched polysaccharides was investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis. With this combination of characterization techniques, we were able not only to characterize the amylopectin analogues but also to solve parts of the molecular mechanism of their enzymatic polymerization. Moreover our materials showed potential to be standards in the field of natural polysaccharides characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10463-10470
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume84
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4-Dec-2012

Keywords

  • GEL-PERMEATION CHROMATOGRAPHY
  • LIGHT SCATTERING
  • UNIVERSAL CALIBRATION
  • MOLECULAR-WEIGHTS
  • BRANCHING ENZYME
  • AMYLOSE CONTENT
  • SEC ANALYSIS
  • STARCH
  • DISTRIBUTIONS
  • GLYCOGEN

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