SNP-Based Heritability Estimates of Common and Specific Variance in Self-and Informant-Reported Neuroticism Scales

Anu Realo*, Peter J. van der Most, Juri Allik, Tonu Esko, Bertus F. Jeronimus, Liisi Koots-Ausmees, Rene Mottus, Felix C. Tropf, Harold Snieder, Johan Ormel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Our study aims to estimate the proportion of the phenotypic variance of Neuroticism and its facet scales that can be attributed to common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in two adult populations from Estonia (EGCUT; N53,292) and the Netherlands (Lifelines; N513,383).

Method: Genomic-relatedness-matrix restricted maximum likelihood (GREML) using genome-wide complex trait analysis (GCTA) software was employed. To build upon previous research, we used self-and informant reports of the 30-facet NEO personality inventories and analyzed both the usual sum scores and the residual facet scores of Neuroticism.

Results: In the EGCUT cohort, the proportion of phenotypic variance explained by the additive effects of common genetic variants in self-and informant-reported Neuroticism domain scores was 15.2% (p=.070, SE=.11) and 6.2% (p=.293, SE=.12), respectively. The SNP-based heritability estimates at the level of Neuroticism facet scales differed greatly across cohorts and modes of measurement but were generally higher (a) for self-than for informant reports, and (b) for sum than for residual scores.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that a large proportion of the heritability of Neuroticism is not captured by additive genetic effects of common SNPs, with some evidence for Gene 3 Environment interaction across cohorts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-919
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume85
Issue number6
Early online date13-Feb-2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2017

Keywords

  • Neuroticism
  • GREML-GCTA
  • SNP-based heritability
  • self-versus informant reports
  • sum versus residual scores
  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
  • MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
  • CROSS-CULTURAL TWIN
  • NEO-PI-R
  • MISSING HERITABILITY
  • GENETIC-VARIATION
  • HUMAN PERSONALITY
  • ENVIRONMENTAL-INFLUENCES
  • PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL MODEL
  • POLYMORPHISM 5-HTTLPR

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