Social participation after successful kidney transplantation

Sijrike F. Van der Mei*, Eric L. P. Van Sonderen, Willem J. Van Son, Paul E. De Jong, Johan W. Groothoff, Wim J. A. Van den Heuvel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose. To explore and describe the degree of social participation after kidney transplantation and to examine associated factors.

Method. A cross-sectional study on 239 adult patients 1-7.3 years after kidney transplantation was performed via in-home interviews on participation in obligatory activities (i.e., employment, education, household tasks) and leisure activities (avolunteer work, assisting others, recreation, sports, clubs/associations, socializing, going out).

Results. Kidney transplantation patients had a lower educational level, spent less time on obligatory activities, had part-time jobs more often, and participated less in sports compared to a control group from the general population. No difference was found in socializing, church attendance, volunteer work and going out. Multivariate regression analysis showed a negative association of age and a positive association of educational status and time since transplantation with obligatory participation. Multivariate logistic regression showed positive associations of education and time since transplantation with volunteer work; age was negatively and education positively associated with sports and going out, whereas living arrangement was also associated with going out.

Conclusions. Although kidney transplantation patients participate less in employment and sports, they do participate in household tasks, volunteer work, going out, socializing and other leisure activities. Participation is associated with factors as age, educational status and time since transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-483
Number of pages11
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • social participation
  • employment
  • household tasks
  • leisure activities
  • sports
  • kidney transplantation
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • STAGE RENAL-DISEASE
  • SPINAL-CORD-INJURY
  • EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
  • SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES
  • ORGAN-TRANSPLANTATION
  • REPLACEMENT THERAPY
  • DIALYSIS
  • HEALTH
  • REHABILITATION

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