Soil organic (14)C dynamics: Effects of pasture installation on arable land

P.F A M Romkens, J Hassink, Johannes van der Plicht

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Abstract

In a study addressing composition and recovery of soil carbon following pasture installation on arable land, radiocarbon isotope ratios were measured in size- and density-separated soil organic matter (SOM) fractions in a pasture and maize plot. The average soil carbon age increased with depth from 444 yr in the 0-30-cm layer to 2456 yr in the 60-80-cm layer in the pasture soils, and from 42 to 1625 yr in the maize-cultivated soil. Weight fractionation of the macro-organic matter (size >150 mu m) in a light (density 1.37 g cm(-3)) resulted in markedly different ages for different fractions with ages increasing from 2 yr in the light fraction to >3000 yr in the heavy fractions. (13)C and (14)C (accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS)) isotope ratios in the

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1031
Number of pages9
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume40
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Event16th International Radiocarbon Conference - , Netherlands
Duration: 1-Jun-1997 → …

Keywords

  • NATURAL ABUNDANCE
  • CARBON TURNOVER
  • GRASSLAND SOILS
  • MATTER
  • SIZE
  • FRACTIONS
  • RADIOCARBON
  • BIOMASS
  • N-15
  • LOAM

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