Somatic hybridization of amino acid analogue-resistant cell lines of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) by electrofusion

S. E. de Vries*, E. Jacobsen, M. G. K. Jones, A. E. H. M. Loonen, M. J. Tempelaar, J. Wijbrandi, W. J. Feenstra

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Intraspecific somatic hybridization between amino acid analogue-resistant cell lines of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has been carried out following electrofusion of protoplasts. In initial analytical electrofusion experiments (1 mm electrode separation) optimal fusion conditions were determined by changing the fusion medium (addition of Ca and/or spermine) and the electrical parameters. Subsequently, in large scale experiments, cell suspension protoplasts of aec-1, a variant resistant to AEC, were fused with the same type of protoplasts of 5mt-26 or 5mt-27, both variants resistant to 5MT and cross-resistant to 3 FT. After an extensive selection procedure only somatic hybrid lines of aec-1 + 5mt-26 were obtained. The resistance traits of aec-1 and 5mt-26 were expressed fully, indicating that the variant characters involved are transmitted dominantly. Quantitative examination of the free amino acid content revealed characteristics of both the parental cell lines in most of the somatic hybrids. However, initially selected double resistant colonies from fusions of aec-1 + 5mt-27 lines appeared not to be somatic hybrids
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)451-458
    Number of pages8
    JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1987

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