Spatial planning based on urban energy harvesting toward productive urban regions

Wouter R. W. A. Leduc*, Ferry M. G. Van Kann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The industrial revolution and the exploitation of fossil fuels fostered profound changes on transportation systems and infrastructure enabling unprecedented urban growth. Urban regions, which now host the majority of the world's population, resemble a linear metabolism: importing most of their raw materials, food, and energy, and using these resources in an inefficient manner resulting in waste outflows. Regarding energy flows, cities are highly depending on fossil fuels and the rate at which fossil fuels are consumed is faster than their generation rate. Therefore, a shift is needed toward more sustainable energy sources. We propose a sustainable urban energy planning approach, based on the thermodynamic principle, exergy. This approach integrates multi-functionality, interaction between urban functions, and harvesting of local renewable and residual resources Urban Harvest Approach. Synergies between urban functions are crucial to reach productive and sustainable urban regions. Resource exchange among different urban functions offers possibilities toward productive urban regions aiming for closed cycle resources management, e.g. integrating industrial ecosystems in urban ecosystems. Our method consists of six steps: (i) land-use inventory; (ii) energy demand inventory; (iii) local renewable/residual energy potential analysis; (iv) clusters of spatial functions exploration; (v) energetic linkages analysis; (vi) network patterns exploration. We tested the method at neighborhood scale, Kerkrade-West, The Netherlands. Results showed that linking spatial clusters is crucial toward circular urban metabolism. Spatial design should promote mixed land-use. The case showed that spatial planning based on urban energy harvesting is a useful method to translate generic goals to local spatial interventions. Urban energy harvesting can contribute to increased productivity, resulting in increased sustainability of urban areas, e.g. social, environmental benefits. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-190
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2013

Keywords

  • Urban harvest approach
  • Urban planning
  • Renewable energy
  • Urban metabolism
  • Urban exergy
  • Resource management
  • INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY
  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • MANAGEMENT
  • RESOURCES
  • PRINCIPLES
  • SYSTEMS
  • EXERGY
  • CITIES
  • DESIGN
  • MODEL

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