Spin Heat Accumulation Induced by Tunneling from a Ferromagnet

I.J. Vera-Marun, B.J. van Wees, R. Jansen

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Abstract

An electric current from a ferromagnet into a nonmagnetic material can induce a spin-dependent electron temperature. Here, it is shown that this spin heat accumulation, when created by tunneling from a ferromagnet, produces a non-negligible voltage signal that is comparable to that due to the coexisting electrical spin accumulation and can give a different Hanle spin precession signature. The effect is governed by the spin polarization of the Peltier coefficient of the tunnel contact, its Seebeck coefficient, and the spin heat resistance of the nonmagnetic material, which is related to the electrical spin resistance by a spin-Wiedemann-Franz law. Moreover, spin heat injection is subject to a heat conductivity mismatch that is overcome if the tunnel interface has a sufficiently large resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)056602-1-056602-5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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