Medial axes are well-known descriptors used for representing, manipulating, and compressing binary images. In this paper, we present a full pipeline for computing a stable and accurate piece-wise B-spline representation of Medial Axis Transforms (MATs) of binary images. A comprehensive evaluation on a benchmark shows that our method, called Spline-based Medial Axis Transform (SMAT), achieves very high compression ratios while keeping quality high. Compared with the regular MAT representation, the SMAT yields a much higher compression ratio at the cost of a slightly lower image quality. We illustrate our approach on a multi-scale SMAT representation, generating super-resolution images, and free-form binary image deformation.
- Medial axis
- Shape representation