Sport prostheses and prosthetic adaptations for the upper and lower limb amputees: an overview of peer reviewed literature

Mihai Bragaru*, Rienk Dekker, Jan H. B. Geertzen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
349 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Sport prostheses are used by both upper- and lower-limb amputees while participating in sports and other physical activities. Although the number of these devices has increased over the past decade, no overview of the peer reviewed literature describing them has been published previously. Such an overview will allow specialists to choose appropriate prostheses based on available scientific evidence rather than on personal experience or preference.

Objective: To provide an overview of the sport prostheses as they are described by the papers published in peer reviewed literature.

Study Design: Literature review.

Methods: Four electronic databases were searched using free text and Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms. Papers were included if they concerned a prosthesis or a prosthetic adaptation used in sports. Papers were excluded if they did not originate from peer reviewed sources, if they concerned prostheses for body parts other than the upper or lower limbs, if they concerned amputations distal to the wrist or ankle, or if they were written in a language other than English.

Results: Twenty-four papers were included in this study. The vast majority contained descriptive data and consisted of expert opinions and technical notes.

Conclusion: Data concerning the energy efficiency, technical characteristics and special mechanical properties of prostheses or prosthetic adaptations for sports, other than running, are scarce.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-296
Number of pages7
JournalProsthetics and Orthotics International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept-2012


  • Artificial limb
  • prosthesis
  • rehabilitation
  • sports

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