Stabilization of the Low-Spin State in a Mononuclear Iron(II) Complex and High-Temperature Cooperative Spin Crossover Mediated by Hydrogen Bonding

Sipeng Zheng, Niels R. M. Reintjens, Maxime A. Siegler, Olivier Roubeau, Elisabeth Bouwman, Andrii Rudavskyi, Remco W. A. Havenith, Sylvestre Bonnet*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tetrapyridyl ligand bbpya (bbpya=N,N-bis(2,2'-bipyrid-6-yl)amine) and its mononuclear coordination compound [Fe(bbpya)(NCS)(2)] (1) were prepared. According to magnetic susceptibility, differential scanning calorimetry fitted to Sorai's domain model, and powder X-ray diffraction measurements, 1 is low-spin at room temperature, and it exhibits spin crossover (SCO) at an exceptionally high transition temperature of T-1/2=418 K. Although the SCO of compound 1 spans a temperature range of more than 150 K, it is characterized by a wide (21 K) and dissymmetric hysteresis cycle, which suggests cooperativity. The crystal structure of the LS phase of compound 1 shows strong N-H center dot center dot center dot S intermolecular H-bonding interactions that explain, at least in part, the cooperative SCO behavior observed for complex 1. DFT and CASPT2 calculations under vacuum demonstrate that the bbpya ligand generates a stronger ligand field around the iron(II) core than its analogue bapbpy (N,N'-di(pyrid-2yl)-2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-diamine); this stabilizes the LS state and destabilizes the HS state in 1 compared with [Fe(bapbpy)( NCS)(2)] (2). Periodic DFT calculations suggest that crystal-packing effects are significant for compound 2, in which they destabilize the HS state by about 1500 cm(-1). The much lower transition temperature found for the SCO of 2 compared to 1 appears to be due to the combined effects of the different ligand field strengths and crystal packing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-339
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4-Jan-2016

Keywords

  • cooperative effects
  • hydrogen bonds
  • iron
  • ligand design
  • spin crossover
  • WIDE THERMAL HYSTERESIS
  • ROOM-TEMPERATURE
  • TRANSITION-TEMPERATURE
  • PERFORMANCE
  • VALIDATION
  • CHEMISTRY
  • INTERPLAY
  • POLYMERS
  • LIGANDS
  • SYSTEMS

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