Starch ester film properties: The role of the casting temperature and starch its molecular weight and amylose content

Laura Boetje, Xiaohong Lan, Jur van Dijken, Albert J.J. Woortman, Thijs Popken, Michael Polhuis, Katja Loos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Oleic acid and 10-undecenoic acid were used to esterify corn, tapioca, potato and a waxy potato starch, with a maximum degree of substitution of 2.4 and 1.9 respectively. The thermal and mechanical properties were investigated as a function of the amylopectin content and Mw of starch, and by the fatty acid type. All starch esters had an improved degradation temperature regardless of their botanical origin. While the Tg did increase with increasing amylopectin content and Mw, it decreased with increasing fatty acid chain length. Moreover, films with different optical appearances were obtained by varying the casting temperature. SEM and polarized light microscopy showed that films cast at 20 °C had porous open structures with internal stress, which was absent when cast at higher temperatures. Tensile test measurements revealed that films had a higher Young's modulus when containing starch with a higher Mw and amylopectin content. Besides that, starch oleate films were more ductile than starch 10-undecenoate films. In addition, all films were resistant to water at least up to one month, while some light-induced crosslinking took place. Finally, starch oleate films showed antibacterial properties against Escherichia coli, whereas native starch and starch 10-undecenoate did not.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121043
Number of pages10
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Publication statusPublished - 15-Sept-2023


  • Antibacterial
  • Fatty acid starch ester
  • Mechanical properties
  • Starch film
  • Thermoplastic

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