Static and adaptive subspace information fusion for indefinite heterogeneous proximity data

Maximilian Münch*, Manuel Röder, Simon Heilig, Christoph Raab, Frank Michael Schleif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Heterogeneous data is common in many real-world machine learning applications, such as healthcare, market analysis, environmental sciences, and social media analysis. In these domains, data is often represented in different modalities and, most of the time, in non-vectorial formats, like text, images, and video. Traditional machine learning algorithms are often limited in their ability to effectively analyze and learn from such diverse data types. In this paper, we propose two approaches for such heterogeneous data analysis: static and adaptive subspace kernel fusion. The first approach is a kernel-based method extracting the essential parts of the subspace of each input modality and creating one single fused representation of the data. The second approach utilizes an adaptation step by integrating the weighting of spectral properties into the fusion process in order to improve the data's representation with respect to a given classification task. Our proposed methods are evaluated on several multi-modal, heterogeneous data sets and demonstrate significant performance improvement compared to other methods in the field. Our results highlight the importance of fusing the underlying subspace information of heterogeneous data for achieving superior performance in machine learning tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126635
Publication statusPublished - 28-Oct-2023


  • Heterogeneous data analysis
  • Indefinite learning
  • Kernel fusion
  • Multi-modal data
  • Multiple kernel learning
  • Proximity learning

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