Stepped care vs. matched care for mood and anxiety disorders: a randomized trial in routine practice

A van Straten*, B Tiemens, L Hakkaart, WA Nolen, MCH Donker

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: The effectiveness of two versions of stepped care [with either brief therapy (BT) or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as a first step] is studied in comparison with the traditional matched care approach (CAU) for patients with mood and anxiety disorders.

    Method: A randomized trial was performed in routine mental health care in 12 settings, including 702 patients. Patients were interviewed once in 3 months for 18-24 months (response rate 69%).

    Results: Overall, patients' health improved significantly over time: 51% had achieved recovery from the DSM-IV disorder(s) after 1 year and 66% at the end of the study. Respectively, 50% and 60% had 'normal' SCL90 and SF36 scores. Cognitive behavioural therapy and BT patients achieved recovery more often than CAU patients (ORs between 1.26 and 1.48), although these results were not statistically significant.

    Conclusion: Stepped care, with BT or CBT as a first step, is at least as effective as matched care.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)468-476
    Number of pages9
    JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Volume113
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun-2006

    Keywords

    • mood disorders
    • depressive disorder
    • anxiety disorders
    • psychotherapy
    • brief psychotherapy
    • cognitive therapy
    • delivery of health care
    • MENTAL-HEALTH SURVEY
    • COGNITIVE THERAPY
    • DEPRESSION
    • METAANALYSIS
    • COMORBIDITY
    • NEMESIS
    • SF-36

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