Stepwise access to safe plasma proteins in resource‐constrained countries: Local production and pathways to fractionation—Report of an International Society of Blood Transfusion Workshop

Thierry Burnouf*, Jay Epstein, Jean‐Claude Faber, Martin Smid

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Background and Objectives
    Actions are needed to improve access to safe plasma-derived medicinal products (PDMPs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

    Materials and Methods
    The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) Working Party for Global Blood Safety organized an on-line workshop during 21–23 September 2021 to advance access to safe plasma proteins in resource-constrained countries, consistent with recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidance documents.

    Results
    The meeting drew attention to the considerable unmet needs for access to essential PDMPs in LMICs, in particular coagulation factors and immunoglobulins, and stepwise actions to address these deficits. First, improved access to safe plasma protein therapies requires blood component separation with prevention of wastage of recovered plasma. Quality and safety of collected blood and plasma must be assured so that plasma in excess of transfusion needs can be processed into safe plasma proteins. Second, local production of safe plasma proteins can be implemented using available technologies to locally obtain pathogen-reduced plasma and prepare pathogen-reduced cryoprecipitate and immunoglobulins from small plasma pools. Third, when a sufficient, stable volume of quality-assured plasma is available (approximately 50,000 L/year), contract or toll fractionation by a foreign plasma fractionator can expand the supply of PDMPs. Fourth, when the national infrastructure supports high-technology industrial production and stable volumes of quality plasma reach at least 200,000 L/year, technology transfer for domestic fractionation can be considered.

    Conclusion
    Action is needed including commitments of the organizations that made the workshop possible (WHO, ISBT, World Federation of Haemophilia [WFH], Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association [PPTA], International Plasma Fractionation Association [IPFA], International Patient Organization of Primary Immunodeficiencies [IPOPI] and International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations [FIODS]).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)789-795
    Number of pages7
    JournalVox Sanguinis
    Volume117
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun-2022

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