Strain differences in angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II type I receptor expression. Possible implications for experimental chronic renal transplant failure

A Smit-van Oosten*, RH Henning, H van Goor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The Fisher to Lewis (F-L) model of renal transplantation (Rtx) is widely used. Rtx from F to L without immunosuppressive treatment results in 50% survival, whereas L to F results in survival rates similar to syngrafts. When treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or antihypertensive triple therapy, renal damage is markedly reduced in F-L allografts. Despite similar reductions in blood pressure, the ACE inhibitor (ACE-I) is more effective than antihypertensive triple therapy, suggesting that the inhibition of intrarenal ACE plays an additional role in the attenuation of renal damage.

Methods In the present study, we investigated strain-related differences in intrarenal ACE activity between F and L rats and whether treatment with ACE-I in F-L allografted rats results in reduction of intrarenal ACE. Intrarenal ACE was measured by activity assays, immunohistochemistry and PCR.

Results In control kidneys from healthy F rats (n=8), we found a four-fold higher ACE activity than in native L rats (n=8, p

Conclusion In conclusion, intrarenal levels of ACE may play a role in the development of renal damage in experimental chronic renal transplant failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2002

Keywords

  • transplantation
  • kidney
  • ACE
  • AT(1)-receptor
  • chronic renal transplant failure
  • rat
  • DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS
  • GENE POLYMORPHISM
  • ALLOGRAFT REJECTION
  • IGA NEPHROPATHY
  • PROGRESSION
  • RAT
  • ACTIVATION
  • DISEASES
  • PLASMA
  • CELLS

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