Striving for sustainable biosynthesis: discovery, diversification, and production of antimicrobial drugs in Escherichia coli

Riccardo Iacovelli, Nika Sokolova, Kristina Haslinger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

New antimicrobials need to be discovered to fight the advance of multidrug-resistant pathogens. A promising approach is the screening for antimicrobial agents naturally produced by living organisms. As an alternative to studying the native producer, it is possible to use genetically tractable microbes as heterologous hosts to aid the discovery process, facilitate product diversification through genetic engineering, and ultimately enable environmentally friendly production. In this mini-review, we summarize the literature from 2017 to 2022 on the application of Escherichia coli and E. coli-based platforms as versatile and powerful systems for the discovery, characterization, and sustainable production of antimicrobials. We highlight recent developments in high-throughput screening methods and genetic engineering approaches that build on the strengths of E. coli as an expression host and that led to the production of antimicrobial compounds. In the last section, we briefly discuss new techniques that have not been applied to discover or engineer antimicrobials yet, but that may be useful for this application in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1315-1328
Number of pages14
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2022

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