Structural dynamics of gas-phase molybdenum nanoclusters: A transmission electron microscopy study

T. Vystavel, S. A. Koch, G. Palasantzas, J. Th. M. de Hosson

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In this paper we study structural aspects of molybdenum clusters by transmission electron microscopy. The deposited clusters with sizes 4 nm or larger show a body-centered crystal (bcc) structure. The clusters are self-assembled from smaller structural units and form cuboids with a typical size of 4 nm or larger. With reducing cluster size, the face-centered crystal (fcc) structure appears due to dominance of surface energy minimization, while self-assembly into large cuboids with sizes up to 30 nm is still observed. Our observation implies that the basic building blocks of large cuboids are actually not smaller cubes. Annealing leads to cluster coalescence at temperatures similar to 800 degrees C, with the crystal habit changing to truncated rhombic dodecahedron for isolated clusters, while the large cuboidally shaped particles become more faceted polyhedra. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113113
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 14-Mar-2005


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