Success and failure in the labour market

Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Nico W. Van Yperen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

In previous research on unemployment, conflicting evidence has been found for a 'reverse causation interpretation', indicating that prolonged unemployment is a consequence of psychological distress instead of the reverse. The present longitudinal study was conducted to test this reverse causation explanation. A second issue addressed in this study was whether getting a job or not depends more strongly on subjective or psychological factors than on objective factors (e.g. a person's biographical background, length of unemployment). Two independent samples were examined: Sample 1 (n = 635) consisted of school-leavers, and sample 2 (n = 467) consisted of subjects who had been unemployed for more than one year. Some support was found for the reverse causation explanation. In addition, more than objective factors, a strong job orientation and a problem focused coping style appeared to be a precursor of success in the labour market. Accordingly, getting a job seems to be primarily a function of one's own efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-572
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov-1993

Keywords

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
  • SCHOOL-LEAVERS
  • LIFE EVENTS
  • UNEMPLOYMENT
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • HEALTH
  • DEPRESSION
  • JOB
  • IMPACT

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