In previous research on unemployment, conflicting evidence has been found for a 'reverse causation interpretation', indicating that prolonged unemployment is a consequence of psychological distress instead of the reverse. The present longitudinal study was conducted to test this reverse causation explanation. A second issue addressed in this study was whether getting a job or not depends more strongly on subjective or psychological factors than on objective factors (e.g. a person's biographical background, length of unemployment). Two independent samples were examined: Sample 1 (n = 635) consisted of school-leavers, and sample 2 (n = 467) consisted of subjects who had been unemployed for more than one year. Some support was found for the reverse causation explanation. In addition, more than objective factors, a strong job orientation and a problem focused coping style appeared to be a precursor of success in the labour market. Accordingly, getting a job seems to be primarily a function of one's own efforts.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Organizational Behavior|
|Publication status||Published - Nov-1993|
- PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
- SOCIAL SUPPORT
- LIFE EVENTS