Superdeformation, hyperdeformation and clustering in the actinide region

A. Krasznahorkay, D. Habs, M.D. Hunyadi, D. Gassmann, M. Csatlós, Y. Eisermann, T. Faestermann, G. Graw, J. Gulyás, R. Hertenberger, H.J. Maier, Z. Máté, A. Metz, J. Ott, P. Thirolf, S.Y. van der Werf

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Abstract

Excited states in the second minimum of Pu-240 were populated by the U-238(alpha, 2n) reaction at E-alpha=25 MeV. Conversion electrons from electromagnetic transitions preceding the fission of the 3.7 ns Pu-240f Shape isomer have been measured. In a combined analysis of e(-) and high resolution gamma -ray spectroscopy data previously established octupole bands could be studied in more detail. In order to study higher lying states in the second and third minimum the Pu-239(d,pf)Pu-240, and the U-233(d,pf)U-234 reactions have been studied with high energy resolution. The observed fission resonances were described as members of rotational bands with rotational parameters characteristic to super- and hyperdeformed nuclear shapes. The level density of the most strongly excited states has been compared to the prediction of the back-shifted Fermi-gas formula and the energy of the ground state in third minimum has been estimated for the first time in U-234. The fission fragment mass distribution of the hyperdeformed states in U-236 has also been measured. The width of the mass distribution, coincident with the hyperdeformed bands, is significantly smaller than the ones obtained in coincidence with background regions below and above the resonances, which suggests a pear-shaped di-nuclear configuration of U-236 in the third well of the potential barrier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-667
Number of pages11
JournalActa Physica Polonica B
Volume32
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2001
EventXXXVth Zakopane School of Physics on Trends in Nuclear Physics - , Poland
Duration: 5-Sep-200013-Sep-2000

Keywords

  • MINIMUM

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