Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive muscle-wasting disease which leads to a decline in upper extremity functionality. Although the scapulohumeral joint's stability and functionality are affected, evidence on the synergetic control of the shoulder muscles in FSHD individuals is still lacking. The aim of this study is to understand the neuromuscular changes in shoulder muscle control in people with FSHD. Upper arm kinematics and electromyograms (EMG) of eight upper extremity muscles were recorded during shoulder abduction-adduction and flexion-extension tasks in eleven participants with FSHD and eleven healthy participants. Normalized muscle activities were extracted from EMG signals. Non-negative matrix factorization was used to compute muscle synergies. Maximum muscle activities were compared using non-parametric analysis of variance. Similarities between synergies were also calculated using correlation. The Biceps Brachii was significantly more active in the FSHD group (25±2%) while Trapezius Ascendens and Serratus Anterior were less active (32±7% and 39±4% respectively). Muscle synergy weights were altered in FSHD individuals and showed greater diversity while controls mostly used one synergy for both tasks. The decreased activity by selected scapula rotator muscles and muscle synergy weight alterations show that neuromuscular control of the scapulohumeral joint is less consistent in people with FSHD compared to healthy participants. Assessments of muscle coordination strategies can be used to evaluate motor output variability and assist in management of the disease.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Aug-2019|